Survey Data

Reg No

50070459


Rating

Regional


Categories of Special Interest

Architectural Artistic Cultural Historical Social


Previous Name

Saint Mary's Chapel of Ease


Original Use

Church/chapel


In Use As

Office


Date

1825 - 1835


Coordinates

315357, 235208


Date Recorded

25/11/2012


Date Updated

--/--/--


Description

Detached single-cell eight-bay former church of Ireland church, built 1830, having square-profile tower with spire over entrance (west) end, and corner buttress towers. Now in use as offices. Pitched slate roof, octagonal ashlar limestone spires to towers, crenellations to gables, corner pinnacles. Cut snecked limestone walls, having gabled buttresses to nave elevations, gablets between buttresses. Cut stone string courses. Chamfered plinth course and stepped sill course. Pointed arch window openings to nave, each with carved hood moulding and leaded windows. Quatrefoil window to west elevation over door opening. Triple lancet window to east elevation with square-headed tripartite window with stone mullions to crypt, now blocked. Pointed arch door opening to west end, having surround to centre of west elevation, with cut stone splayed faceted jambs and hood moulding. Double-leaf glazed timber door, timber panelling to tympanum. Granite platform and granite steps. Wrought-iron railings on cut granite plinth wall. Parabolic roofed interior. Plastered walls, open-plan office space, having recent gallery to each elevation.Located on island site

Appraisal

Saint Mary's Chapel of Ease, known as the Black Church, was constructed in 1830 to designs by John Semple & Son. The structural ingenuity of its parabolic vaulted interior Casey (2005) suggests is "more likely to be the brain-child of a thirty-year-old than a man of sixty seven.' John Semple Senior (1763-1840) and Junior (1800-82) were architects to the Board of First Fruits for the Ecclesiastical Province of Dublin. It was deconsecrated in the late twentieth century and adapted for office use. The calp limestone exterior is enhanced by cut limestone detailing, and the pinnacled buttresses, slender lancets and crenellated parapets are indicative of the high quality of stone masonry skills in the early nineteenth-century. This unusual building ends an axis from Parnell Square and adds an ecclesiastical focal point to Mountjoy Street. It is mentioned briefly in the novel Ulysses by James Joyce, in the chapter entitled 'Oxen of the Sun', as the location of one of Bello's many sins, 'He went through a form of clandestine marriage with at least one woman in the shadow of the Black Church'. The church is also mentioned in the title of the first volume of memoirs of Austin Clarke, 'Twice Round the Black Church' (1962). The Black Church has captured the imagination of Dubliners, local legend tells that a person walking three times anti-clockwise at midnight around the Black Church reciting the 'Hail Mary' will see the devil.