Survey Data

Reg No

50020006


Rating

Regional


Categories of Special Interest

Architectural Artistic


Original Use

House


Historical Use

Shop/retail outlet


In Use As

Office


Date

1770 - 1790


Coordinates

-1, -1


Date Recorded

28/02/2015


Date Updated

--/--/--


Description

Corner-sited attached gable-fronted two-bay five-storey former house, dated 1780, having gabled front (east) elevation with shopfront to ground floor, and four-bays with gable-fronted end bay to Essex Gate to south. Now in use as offices. Pitched roof, having parapet with moulded render cornice, gabled parapet to front and end bay to south elevation having cornice and cut stone coping. Smooth rendered chimneystacks and cast-iron rainwater goods. Smooth rendered walls with date plaques within roundels to gables, rusticated quoins to south-east corner, channelled render to ground floor having cornice and plinth course. Square-headed window openings with masonry sills, continuous sill courses to first and second floor openings, render surrounds and pedimented entablatures having scrolled consoles to first floor windows to front, one-over-one pane, six-over-six pane and three-over-three pane timber sliding sash windows. Oculus to first floor to south elevation. Arcade to south elevation of ground floor comprising round-headed window and door openings with moulded render surrounds and string course at impost level, single pane timber framed windows having render sills, square-headed door openings with recent timber panelled doors and plain fanlights. Shopfront comprising square-headed window opening having fixed timber windows and panelled stall risers, square-headed door opening with double-leaf timber panelled door and recent railings. Situated on west side of Parliament Street and north side of Essex Gate.

Appraisal

Parliament Street is the first example of formal axial planning in mid-eighteenth-century Dublin. When George Semple designed the rebuilding of Essex Bridge (1753-55) his plan showed a new wide street linking the bridge to Dublin Castle, and this plan for Parliament Street was implemented by the Wide Street Commissioners in 1762. This building is one of the few earlier buildings on the street that was not substantially altered or rebuilt in the nineteenth century. Its gabled front presents an ordered elevation on axis with Essex Street East. Historic fabric remains in the render details and some windows, adding to the character of the building. Channelled render to the ground floor lends textural variation to the smooth render of the upper floors, while quoins and cornices articulate and enliven the fa├žade. Historic maps show that the building was formerly numbered 6 Essex Bridge. It is described in Thom's Directory of 1862 as being in use, together with its neighbour to the north, by tobacco and snuff manufacturers who had separate premises on nearby Westmoreland Street.