Survey Data

Reg No

50010221


Rating

National


Categories of Special Interest

Architectural Artistic Historical Social


Previous Name

Tyrone House


Original Use

House


In Use As

Office


Date

1735 - 1840


Coordinates

316066, 234771


Date Recorded

30/11/2011


Date Updated

--/--/--


Description

Attached five-bay three-storey mansion over exposed basement, built 1740, with central entrance portico and recessed single-bay three-storey granite-fronted addition to south side elevation, added c.1900. Built to designs of Richard Castle for Marcus Beresford, Viscount Tyrone, remodelled by Jacob Owen c.1835. Now in use as Department of Education offices. Skirt hipped slate roof with several profiled granite chimneystacks having clay pots. Roof set behind granite parapet wall and moulded granite cornice. Cast-iron hopper and downpipes breaking through parapet wall to north elevation. Coursed granite ashlar walls to front and rear elevations with deep moulded granite cornice to attic storey (spanning all elevations), moulded granite plinth course over coursed and squared calp limestone basement walls. Ruled-and-lined rendered side elevation walls with granite quoins returning to side elevations as rusticated quoins. Square-headed window openings with limestone sills and replacement timber sliding sash windows. Granite architrave surrounds to front elevation only. Wyatt window opening to central first floor bay with granite Doric mullions, granite panels to either side with Greek key carving and simple cornice over. Prostyle tetrastyle granite portico (added c.1835) with plain square piers, paired to either end, supporting granite lintel and drip cornice surmounted by parapet blocks to either end with Greek key motifs. Round-headed door opening within portico flanked by painted Doric pilasters and moulded archivolt housing webbed fanlight and timber door with twelve raised-and-fielded panels. Door opens into recent frameless glazed porch with pair of square-headed window openings to either side of entrance. Portico set on platform with replacement stone paving bridging basement area. Central three-bay breakfront to rear elevation with voussoired granite square-headed window openings having timber sliding sash windows and Portland stone sills. Venetian window opening to either side of breakfront at first floor level. North side elevation has single window opening to each floor with block-and-start limestone surrounds. Single square-headed door opening with Greek-revival rendered surround, replacement timber panelled door and six-pane overlight, opening onto granite platform bridging basement. Platforms and gravel basement area enclosed by decorative cast-iron railings on sandstone coping with decorative cast-iron brackets to west, north and east. South side elevation abutted by later three-storey wing with further flat-roofed extension added to rear, built c.1990 and now interconnected to No.28 Marlborough Street (Reg. No.50010219). Interior retains much original fabric and includes a double-height stair hall lit by Venetian windows with an open-well open-string polished mahogany stair having Doric balusters, decoratively carved treads and terminating in an elaborate curtail. Decorative plaster walls and ceilings by Lafranchini Brothers. Located on the east side of Marlborough Street within the grounds of the Department of Education with a matching building to the north. The two buildings form a symmetrical composition with a central forecourt all enclosed to the street by decorative cast-iron railings on granite plinth wall with granite piers and cast-iron gates.

Appraisal

Tyrone House was built for Marcus Beresford, Viscount Tyrone c.1740 and has been described as Richard Castle's first freestanding stone-fronted house in Dublin. Located on Marlborough Street, the house features on Rocque's 1756 map of Dublin, adjacent to the Marlborough Bowling Green. The much-lauded interior stucco work is commonly attributed to the Lafranchini Brothers. The building was sold to the New Education Society in 1835, with alterations by Jacob Owen soon to follow. Tyrone House's stripped down exterior conceals lavish textured interior details and is a beautifully maintained and elegant example of early Georgian architecture. The stair hall is a particular highlight, with rich stucco work, and an elegant Venetian window and mahogany stair. Owens' additions to the west fa├žade, though criticized by purists, are elegantly executed and sympathetic to the original composition. Designed as a freestanding building, Tyrone House now anchors the nineteenth-century set-piece comprising later additions to the site, among them Jacob Owens' replica of Tyrone House to the north of the original, also addressing Marlborough Street.