Survey Data

Reg No

50010145


Rating

Regional


Categories of Special Interest

Architectural Social Technical


Original Use

Bridge


In Use As

Bridge


Date

1885 - 1895


Coordinates

316398, 234762


Date Recorded

03/11/2011


Date Updated

--/--/--


Description

Single-span iron railway viaduct, erected c.1890, carrying Loop Line railway over Store Street. Flat span riveted steel girder carriageway supported on rock-faced limestone and yellow brick abutment walls (obscured by billboard to east). Panelled and riveted iron parapets with later steel railings over. Line continues to east and west, carried on series of round arches with brick soffits, random coursed rock-faced limestone piers, spandrels and parapets with brick coping. Square-profile cast-iron rainwater downpipes inset to walls between arches, opening at base of carriageway. Painted render surrounding some arches, some blocked, some with square-headed openings having double-leaf metal doors.

Appraisal

The Loop Line railway bridge, alternately known as the Liffey Viaduct or the City of Dublin Junction Railway, was constructed between 1889 and 1891 to link Connolly Station on the north side of the river to Westland Row on the south. A rail link was needed to aid the movement of transatlantic mail coming from Kingstown and Queenstown (now Dún Laoghaire and Cóbh). Designed by J. Chalconer Smith, engineer to the Dublin, Wicklow & Wexford Railway Company, the proposal was controversial for blocking the view to the Custom House and altering the skyline of the city. Over a century later, the bridge remains a key part of the public transport infrastructure of the city. This portion of the bridge, carrying the railway over Store Street, with its series of stone and brick arches provides an industrial focal point on the streetscape.