Survey Data

Reg No

40807024


Rating

Regional


Categories of Special Interest

Architectural Historical


Original Use

Watch tower


Date

1820 - 1860


Coordinates

201994, 437289


Date Recorded

22/11/2010


Date Updated

--/--/--


Description

Freestanding single-bay single-storey turret (on square plan), built c. 1840. Crenellated parapet with machicolations. Rubble stone walls, now partially cement rendered. Pointed-arched opening to west having timber sheeted door and square-headed window opening to north, now blocked. Infilled opening to the south. Set on raised rubble stone plinth having cement rendered bollards and two cannon to the north. Located on the top of Patrick's Hill to the south-west of the centre of Dunfanaghy overlooking Sheephaven Bay to the north and north-east. Site (on sub triangular-plan) surrounded by rubble stone boundary wall. Pedestrian gateway to the west. Gable-fronted single-bay single-storey structure to the south having square-headed opening to the north elevation.

Appraisal

This curious small-scale turret crowns the top of Patrick's Hill, overlooking Dunfanaghy to the north and west, and Sheephaven Bay to the north and north-east. It is robustly constructed using local rubble stone masonry. The crenellated parapet lends it a military or defensive character but its original function is not known. It does not appear to have been extant in c. 1834 (not depicted on Ordnance Survey first edition six-inch map) but it is indicated on the Griffith Valuation map of c. 1860. It may have been constructed in the early part of the nineteenth century as a lookout post over Sheephaven Bay; it may have been originally associated with a 'waterguards station' indicated to the north in c. 1834. This enigmatic turret is an attractive focal point in the streetscape\skyline of Dunfanaghy and is an integral element of the built heritage of the local area. The surrounding rubble stone boundary wall and the single-storey structure (function unknown) to the south add to the setting and context.