Survey Data

Reg No

15302038


Rating

Regional


Categories of Special Interest

Architectural Cultural Historical Social


Original Use

RIC barracks


In Use As

House


Date

1800 - 1840


Coordinates

246376, 270075


Date Recorded

07/07/2004


Date Updated

--/--/--


Description

Terraced four-bay two-storey former Royal Irish Constabulary barracks, built c.1820. Now in use as private residence. Pitched natural slate roof (graded slates) with rendered chimneystacks and cast-iron rainwater goods. Ruled-and-line rendered finish to walls. Square-headed window openings with cut stone sills and replacement uPVC windows. Iron railings to ground floor windows. Round-headed doorcase with cut limestone block-and-start surrounds, a timber panelled door and simple spoke fanlight over. Street fronted with stone outbuildings to rear. Located to the southwest end of Castlepollard.

Appraisal

A simple but attractive late-Georgian building, which is of considerable historic merit as a former Royal Irish Constabulary barracks. The cast-iron bars on the ground floor windows are the only surviving indication of this its former use as a Constabulary Barracks. The block-and-start doorcase is of artistic merit and is representative of the original doorcases that can be found surrounding the village square in Castlepollard. This building was still in use as a 'Constabulary Barracks' in 1914 and was subsequently replaced by the present Garda Station (15302033) on the Dublin Road, c.1930. This building has important historical associations with an infamous event colourfully known as the 'Castlepollard Massacre', which took place on 23rd of May 1831, when the local constabulary opened fire on a rioting fair day crowd, killing 13 people and injuring many more. A select House of Commons Committee heard evidence concerning this event in June 1832 but the 19 policemen involved were acquitted to much outrage. This episode achieved national publicity at the time and was the subject of a number of commemorative songs and poetry etc. This building makes a strong contribution to the streetscape of the Mullingar Road and is an important element of the history of north Westmeath.