Survey Data

Reg No

11804058


Rating

Regional


Categories of Special Interest

Architectural Historical Social


Original Use

Dovecote/pigeon house/aviary


In Use As

Unknown


Date

1760 - 1800


Coordinates

300464, 235610


Date Recorded

10/05/2002


Date Updated

--/--/--


Description

Detached single-bay single-storey over raised base gable-fronted rubble stone dovecote, c.1780, on a square plan with square-headed integral carriageway to ground floor to south-west and square-headed door opening to first floor to elevation to north-east approached by flight of stone steps. Reroofed, c.1950. Renovated, c.1990. Gable-ended (gable-fronted) roof. Replacement corrugated-iron. Iron ridge tiles. No rainwater goods. Random rubble stone walls. Square-headed integral carriageway to elevation to south-west. Timber lintel. No fittings. Square-headed door openings to elevation to north-east (opening to first floor approached by flight of stone steps having rubble stone retaining wall). Red brick dressings to ground floor. Timber boarded door. Replacement timber door, c.1990, to first floor with pigeon holes. Oval window to first floor to elevation to south-west. Red brick surround. No fittings. Set back from road in grounds shared with Leixlip Castle.

Appraisal

This dovecote is an attractive small-scale building that forms a picturesque feature in the grounds of Leixlip Castle. The dovecote, which is now apparently disused or in use as an outbuilding, is of considerable social and historical significance, representing a component of the expansion of the demesne in the late eighteenth century, while highlighting the once self-sufficient nature of such an estate. The dovecote remains in good condition and retains most of its original form and character, while the rubble stone construction is a feature shared with further buildings in the grounds, representing a traditional and economic method of building at the time. The Ordnance Survey (1939) suggests that the dovecote was originally one of a pair, the second dovecote now lost - it is important that the surviving model is preserved as an insight into the various activities traditionally undertaken in the maintenance of a country house estate.