Limerick City: Uniform Victorian/Edwardian Terraces

Alongside the general poverty in nineteenth-century Limerick there were success stories and the middle class continued to grow. Terraces and a few detached and semi-detached villas were built on roads leading out of the city such as O'Connell Avenue, South Circular Road, Ennis Road and Mulgrave Street. Usually built of brick sometimes with arched or bay windows, with brick detailing around doorcases, often with long front gardens, and usually with elaborate cast-iron railings, they displayed some of the new domestic fashions from England. However, Georgian features and un-Victorian restraint in the form of flat windows, fine joinery detailing and conservative plasterwork, remained longer in Ireland. One of the most exuberant houses, dated to 1880, is Boru House, the childhood home of the writer Kate O'Brien. It has polychromatic brick and slates, a bay window, decorative timber gates, very unusual fretwork balusters to the staircase and the sculptured O'Brien emblem - a raised arm brandishing a sword - on the front gable. In terms of style the Edwardian period, from 1890 to 1914, is a distinctive episode that is moderately well represented in Limerick. Applied to speculative housing or one-off suburban houses, the Edwardian style gave a new flavour to Victorian building types. Edwardian suburban houses on O'Connell Avenue, Ennis Road and Shelbourne Road were of broadly two types. There were those, which at three storeys and sporting an assortment of balconies, oculi, porches and timbered gables, were brashly confident and almost without direct historical reference beyond the Victorian terrace. Others with horizontal mullioned windows, steeper and sometimes multiple roofs and prominent chimneys owed much to the Arts and Crafts style with its domestic medieval roots, and appear more subtly confident. Most were large houses for the middle class, but there were enclaves of smaller houses such as the simple, symmetrically conceived Verona Esplanade off O'Connell Avenue.

Carramorna House, Old Park Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey rendered house, built c. 1885, distinguished by paired arched window and door openings with red brick surrounds. Lean-to accretion to rear. Conservatory to west, c. 2000. Hipped slate roof with central valley, with bull nose moulded clay ridge tiles. Timber sprocketed eaves, with uPVC rainwater goods. Four chimneystacks faced with red brick…


Hazeldene, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey red brick house, built c. 1875, with two-storey three-sided gabled bay windows flanking central entrance bay. Facing south with a two-bay two-storey rear elevation breakfront and a single-storey extension, built c. 2000. Hipped natural slate roof with intersecting gables to front span, with crested terracotta ridge tiles and finials throughout. Decorated timber…


Glenvar, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey red brick house, built c. 1920, facing south with gabled jetty breakfront to one side rising from one of two limestone three-sided canted bay windows at ground floor level. Two-storey gabled return to rear with ground floor extension and further projecting stair hall bay. Hipped slate roof with intersecting gabled slate roof…


Llanover, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey red brick house, built c. 1920, facing south with gabled breakfront to one side with a covered balcony beneath projecting gable over a three-sided bay window at ground floor level. Additional three-sided canted bay window to fa├žade. Two-storey hipped and gabled returns to rear with projecting stair hall bay, and ground floor…


Warleigh, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey red brick house, built c. 1920, facing south with gabled breakfront to one side with a verandah entrance porch and three-sided bay window to breakfront and side elevation. Two-storey gabled return to rear, and ground floor extension. Intersecting T-plan gabled slate roof with bull nose moulded clay pots. Timber brackets to breakfront…


Rhorkee, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached two-bay two-storey red brick house, built c. 1920, facing south with a gabled breakfront axial with gabled return to rear, prolonged by single-bay extension, c. 1960. Glazed conservatory to west side elevation, c. 1980. Pitched M-profile natural slate roof, with intersecting gables roofs. Pebbledash rendered chimneystacks, two to apex of gables with stepped brick…


Ballineen, Ennis Road, Shelbourne Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Corner-sited semi-detached two-bay three-storey house, built c. 1910, facing south with a two-storey three-sided canted bay window to a full-height gabled breakfront. Entrance porch with covered balcony above. Two-storey return. Hipped gabled slate roof with terracotta ridge tiles and a substantial red brick chimneystack on party wall shared with neighbouring house. uPVC rainwater goods and…


Cloneen, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Semi-detached two-bay three-storey house, built c. 1910, facing south with a two-storey three-sided canted bay window to a full-height gabled breakfront. Entrance porch with covered balcony above. Two-storey return. Hipped gabled slate roof with terracotta ridge tiles and a substantial red brick chimneystack on party wall shared with neighbouring house. Profiled cast-iron rainwater goods and…


Rossard, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Semi-detached two-bay three-storey house, built c. 1910, facing south with a single-storey three-sided bay window to a full-height gabled breakfront, with balcony above. Entrance porch with three-sided bay window above. Two-storey return. Hipped gabled artificial slate roof with terracotta ridge tiles and a substantial rendered chimneystack on party wall shared with neighbouring house. Profiled uPVC…


Moravan, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Semi-detached two-bay three-storey house, built c. 1910, facing south with a single-storey three-sided bay window to a full-height gabled breakfront, with balcony above. Entrance porch with three-sided bay window above. Two-storey return prolonged by single-storey extension. Hipped gabled artificial slate roof with terracotta ridge tiles and a substantial rendered chimneystack on party wall shared with…


Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay three-storey red brick and rendered house, built c. 1910, with two two-storey three-sided bay windows with half-dormer windows above, flanking the centre entrance bay. Substantially extended to rear with two-storey and single-storey extensions. Hipped gabled slate roof (re-slated c. 2000) with terracotta ridge tiles. Hipped slate bay roofs with clay ridge tiles. Four…


Sunhill, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached two-bay two-storey rendered house, built c. 1920, on a raised platform, distinguished by two two-storey three-sided bay windows on the front elevation, and entrance bay to side elevation. Hipped natural slate roof with clay ridge tiles. Rendered chimneystack to front span with arch recess panel, cornice and moulded clay pots. uPVC rainwater goods. Painted…


Landsdown Villas, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Semi-detached two-bay three-storey red brick house, built c. 1900, facing south with a two-storey three-sided canted bay window to gabled breakfront, paired with neighbouring breakfront. Single-bay two-storey gabled return to rear. Pitched artificial slate roof with intersecting pitched breakfront roof. Rendered chimneystack to breakfront with moulded clay pots. Cast-iron rainwater goods. Red brick chimneystack to…


The Irish House Bed and Breakfast, Landsdown Villas, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Semi-detached two-bay three-storey red brick house, built c. 1900, facing south with a three-sided canted bay attached to a single-bay three-storey gabled breakfront. In use as bed and breakfast accommodation. Single-bay two-storey gable-ended return shared with neighbouring house. Pitched artificial slate roof with terracotta ridge tiles. Red brick chimneystacks with moulded clay pots. Moulded cast-iron…


Wilmount House, Landsdown Villas, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Semi-detached two-bay three-storey red brick house, built c. 1900, facing south with a two-storey three-sided canted bay window to gabled breakfront, paired with neighbouring breakfront. In use as guest house accommodation. Single-bay two-storey gabled return to rear shared with neighbouring house prolonged by single-storey accretion. Pitched artificial slate roof with intersecting pitched breakfront roof. Terracotta…


Glenlevan, Landsdown Villas, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Semi-detached two-bay three-storey red brick house, built c. 1900, facing south with a two-storey three-sided canted bay window to gabled breakfront, paired with neighbouring breakfront. In use as guest accommodation. Single-bay two-storey gabled return to rear shared with neighbouring house prolonged by single-storey accretion. Pitched artificial slate roof with intersecting pitched breakfront roof. Terracotta comb…


Ennismore, Landsdown Villas, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Semi-detached two-bay three-storey red brick house, built c. 1900, facing south with a two-storey three-sided canted bay window to gabled breakfront, paired with neighbouring breakfront. Single-bay two-storey gabled return to rear shared with neighbouring house prolonged by single-storey accretion. Pitched artificial slate roof with intersecting pitched breakfront roof. Terracotta comb ridge tiles. Rendered chimneystack to…


Landsdown Villas, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Semi-detached two-bay three-storey red brick house, built c. 1900, facing south with a two-storey three-sided canted bay window to front elevation, and elaborate timber-framed entrance porch. Two-bay two-storey gabled return to rear shared with neighbouring house with dormer window running the length of return, introduced c. 1990. Pitched artificial slate roof with red brick chimneystack…


Overdale, Landsdown Villas, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Semi-detached two-bay three-storey red brick house, built c. 1900, facing south with a two-storey three-sided canted bay window to front elevation, and elaborate timber-framed entrance porch. Two-bay two-storey gabled return to rear shared with neighbouring house prolonged by lean-to. Pitched slate roof with red brick chimneystack to party walls with stringcourses and dog-tooth cornice. Replacement…


Ashton, Landsdown Villas, Ennis Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Semi-detached two-bay three-storey gable-fronted red brick house, built c. 1900, facing south with a two-storey three-sided canted bay window to front elevation, and elaborate timber-framed entrance porch. Two-bay two-storey gabled return to rear shared with neighbouring house prolonged by lean-to. Pitched slate roof hipped to east with intersecting roof adjoining neighbouring house. Red brick chimneystacks…