Limerick City: Villa Architecture

The 1840 Ordnance Survey map of Limerick City reveals three areas of named buildings, set in large gardens, on the banks of the River Shannon just beyond the city boundary. These are the villas built by successful businessmen in the early nineteenth century. Many of them still survive, as institutions or houses, in what are now more densely inhabited suburban areas. To the south-west are Laurel Hill (now a school), Ashbourne and Summerville House (part of Mary Immaculate College). North of the river are house on the North Circular Road, Shelbourne House (part of Ard Scoil Rs), Tivoli (part of Villiers School) and Bellevue. These would later be joined by Sunville, Kilmoyle, Ardhu House (Clarion Hotel Suites) and Beechlawn. Within the two arms of the river to the east are villas on Mill Road. Most of these houses are elegant classical boxes with wide Italianate eaves and porticos. Some are relaxed single-storey over basement, others are more imposing two storeys, often with a central light well. There is usually a neat gate lodge and always gardens, now the location of many of Limerick's mature trees.

Roseneath, Mill Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached square-plan three-bay single-storey over basement villa style house, built c. 1820. Hipped natural slate roof with lead ridges, two rendered chimneystacks having clay pots and replacement metal rainwater goods. Painted ruled and lined rendered walls. Square-headed window openings with painted stone sills and six-over-six timber sash windows to the ground floor, three-over-three to the…


River View, Mill Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey over basement rendered house, built c. 1835, and distinguished by shallow bowed bay windows flanking a centrally-placed front door, a continuous balustrade of cast-iron at first floor level and a belvedere/viewing platform inserted between the four chimneystacks. Two-storey return attached to southeast corner. Hipped slate roof with lead ridge tiles. Rendered chimneystacks…


Geraldine, Mill Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay single-storey over raised basement villa style house, built c. 1790, with a central entrance breakfront and flight of steps. Additional wing attached to the east renovated and modernised c. 2003. Square-plan hipped natural slate roof with black clay ridge tiles and cast-iron rainwater goods on overhanging eaves. Four symmetrically placed yellow brick chimneystacks…


Cnoicín, Mill Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two storey house, built c. 1860, facing west with an attached garage to rear and a three-bay two-storey semi-detached stable house to the south. Square-plan hipped sprocketed artificial slate roof with clay ridge tiles and four rendered profiled chimneystacks with octagonal clay pots. Cast-iron rainwater goods on overhanging eaves. Pebbledash rendered walls and…


Park Cottage, Corbally Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached two-bay single-storey rusticated rendered gate lodge, c. 1830, prolonged to either side by flat-roofed extension. Pyramidal hipped slate roof with clay ridge tiles and single pot rendered chimneystack to apex. Metal rainwater goods. Rusticated rendered walls. Pointed arch window openings, rendered reveals, painted stone sills, and original pointed arch upper sash having Gothic switch…


Oreland House, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached four-bay single-storey over raised basement villa style house, built c. 1845, facing west, with a front entrance porch and enclosed yard with outbuildings to north. Return structures to rear. Elevated house with raised basement level to south and east at garden level. Hipped artificial slate roof with central valley enclosed on each side, having…


Shannon Lawn, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey over concealed basement house, built c. 1830, distinguished by a fine Regency style doorcase behind a fine cast-iron, partially glazed porch. Five-bay west-facing side elevation, with a five-sided canted bay window. Single-storey bay, recessed from front elevation to east side, with a three-sided canted bay window. Irregular rear elevation, with multiple accretions…


Clarion Hotel Suites, Ennis Road, Rose's Avenue, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey Italianate villa style former house, built in 1865, facing east with a return and a three-bay two-storey side wing to north. A further two-bay two-storey building to north and west form a courtyard enclosed to the north by a range of stone buildings. Hipped natural slate roof with terracotta ridge tiles and…


Kilmoyle House, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey over basement sandstone ashlar house, built c. 1845, with Doric portico, and four-bay two-storey over basement side elevations. Now in use as a bishop's palace. Two-storey flat-roofed ancillary structures attached to north side elevation, c. 1960. Hipped slate roof with central valley. Four symmetrical granite chimneystacks with octagonal clay pots. Rendered sprocketed…


Ardscoil Rís, Lower Shelbourne Road, Clanmaurice Avenue, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey over concealed basement rendered Greek Revival house, built c. 1790, articulated by four giant order Doric pilasters, and a central recessed entrance bay with Ionic portico. Five-bay side elevation. Pitched roof barely distinguishable behind parapet wall. Three rendered chimneystacks with stringcourses and plain clay pots. Cast-iron rainwater goods. Smooth rendered walls to…


Bishop's House, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey rendered house, built c. 1840, on a double pile plan, to front with two-storey dormer gabled end bays, each set at forty-five degree angle to single-bay two-storey dormer entrance bay and to rear with a three-bay two-storey dormer, joined to front by narrow single-bay section. Gabled artificial slate roofs to all sections,…


Belle-Vue, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey rendered house, built c. 1820, facing east with wide two-bay side elevations, prolonged by two single-bay two-storey returns, which appear to be latter accretions. Centrally-placed Doric portico to entrance breakfront. Hipped slate roof with central valley, and overhanging sprocketed eaves. Rendered chimneystacks with plain clay pots. Profiled cast-iron rainwater goods. Painted rendered…


Beechlawn, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay single-storey over-basement villa, built c. 1820, facing north with a centrally-placed door opening with limestone door steps, prolonged to northwest by a three-bay structure with separate entrance. To rear west there is a courtyard and two-storey outbuilding and modern single-storey extension further west. Extensively renovated, c. 2004. Hipped artificial slate roof with two…


Kyleglass House, Kyleglass, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey house, built c. 1850, facing south east and distinguished by two three-sided canted bay windows which flank a centrally-placed three-centred arch door opening. Hipped natural slate roof with black ridge tiles and pair of rendered chimney stacks with cornice cappings. Replacement metal rainwater goods on overhanging eaves with paired brackets. Painted rendered…


Derravoher, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey house, designed 1839, on an L-shaped plan with single-bay two-storey gabled projecting breakfront abutting single-bay two-storey gabled projecting end bay. Sold, 2012. Restored, 2014-6, to accommodate alternative use. Set in landscaped grounds.


Villiers School, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay single-storey stucco enriched ornate gate lodge, built c. 1845, and distinguished by glazed pedimented entrance porch and pyramidal roof. Hipped slate roof, with clay ridge tiles. Single rendered chimneystacks with modillions beneath capping cornice. Cast-iron rainwater goods to oversailing eaves with paired timber brackets. Painted rendered walls. Square-headed window openings set in recessed…


Villiers School, North Circular Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached three-bay two-storey over basement former house, built c. 1830, converted to a school and extended subsequently from the second half of the twentieth century. Five-bay side elevation and four-bay, two-storey wing attached to south east, introduced c. 1955, and further three-bay two-storey annexe to the west, c. 1985. Now in use as a secondary…


Mary Immaculate Training College, Summerville Avenue, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached single-storey three-bay rendered gate lodge, built c. 1870, forming a rectangular-plan with a gabled breakfront to each principal elevation. Single-storey accretion to rear. Pitched artificial slate roof with replacement ridge tiles, with apex surmounted by red brick chimneystack with two octagonal clay pots. Interlocking secondary breakfront gabled roof structures. Sprocketed timber eaves and plainly…


Ballinacurra House, Ballinacurra Close, Ballinacurra Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Freestanding three-bay two-storey rendered house, built in 1843, distinguished by a centrally-placed Doric entrance porch, a two-storey three-sided canted bay window to the three-bay west elevation, and large two-storey return to rear. Hipped artificial slate roof with clay ridge tiles, overhanging eaves with uPVC panelled soffit. Rendered chimneystacks with rendered cornice, flaunching, and octagonal clay…


Southill Community Resource Centre, Roxboro Road, Limerick, Limerick City

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Detached O-plan three-bay two-storey over basement former house, built c. 1820, facing south with a front entrance porch and two triple-height three-sided canted bays to the east and west elevations. A cobbled yard is attached to the north elevation with rebuilt outbuildings and a wrought-iron former vinery to the west. Former home of Peter Tait,…