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Paulstown Castle, County Kilkenny
12402108
Representative view of country house.
Reg. No.12402108
Date1825 - 1830
Previous NameN/A
TownlandPAULSTOWN
CountyCounty Kilkenny
Coordinates266245, 157108
Categories of Special InterestARCHITECTURAL ARCHAEOLOGICAL HISTORICAL SOCIAL
RatingRegional
Original Usecountry house
 
Description
Detached three-bay three-storey over raised basement country house, built 1828, on a rectangular plan with single-bay full-height side elevations; three-bay full-height rear (west) elevation. Sold, 1892. Occupied, 1901; 1911. Vacant, 1973. Now in ruins. Hipped slate roof behind parapet now missing, paired limestone ashlar central "wallhead" chimney stacks having stringcourses below capping, and concealed rainwater goods. Part creeper- or ivy-covered coursed rubble limestone battered walls (ground floor) with cut-limestone flush quoins to corners; part creeper- or ivy-covered limestone ashlar surface finish (upper floors) with cut-limestone stringcourses including cut-limestone stringcourse supporting "Balistraria"-detailed parapet having cut-limestone coping. Pointed-arch central window opening in square-headed recess (basement) with drag edged cut-limestone sill, and cut-limestone voussoirs with remains of hood moulding framing timber casement window behind wrought iron bars. Square-headed window openings (ground floor) with drag edged dragged cut-limestone sills, and limestone ashlar voussoirs with hood mouldings framing remains of eight-over-eight timber sash windows without horns having exposed sash boxes. Square-headed window openings (upper floors) with drag edged dragged cut-limestone sills, and limestone ashlar voussoirs framing remains of eight-over-eight timber sash windows without horns having exposed sash boxes. Interior in ruins. Set in unkempt grounds with rendered piers to perimeter having ball finial-topped capping.

Appraisal

A country house erected to a design attributed to William Robertson (1770-1850) of Kilkenny (Craig and Garner 1973, 111) representing an important component of the domestic built heritage of County Kilkenny with the architectural value of the composition, one repurposing at least the footings of 'an ancient pile of a building said to have formerly been the residence of Sir Peirce Butler' [SMR KK021-005----], confirmed by such attributes as the compact rectilinear plan form; the construction in a deep grey limestone demonstrating good quality workmanship; the slight diminishing in scale of the openings on each floor producing a feint graduated visual impression with those openings showing conventional Georgian glazing patterns; and the monolithic parapeted roofline. Although reduced to ruins following a prolonged period of unoccupancy, the elementary form and massing survive intact together with quantities of the original fabric, thus upholding much of the character or integrity of the composition. Furthermore, adjacent outbuildings (extant 1839); and a nearby gate lodge (extant 1900), all continue to contribute positively to the group and setting values of a self-contained estate having historic connections with the Flood family including Henry Flood (1769-1840); and William Flood (1818-85), 'Justice of the Peace late of Paulstown Castle County Kilkenny' (Calendars of Wills and Administrations 1885, 279); and the Healy family including John Healy (d. 1893), 'Farmer late of Paulstown County Kilkenny' (Calendars of Wills and Administrations 1894, 366); and James Healy (----), 'Farmer' (NA 1911).
 
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